This post aims to make visible some of the ideas shown at the Creative Commons licensing & open the workshop by Timothy Vollmer 11st December 2013 in Cape Town ( South Africa ) . First seminar of the GO- GN (Global Graduate OER Network) of UNESCO. http://portal.ou.nl/en/web/go-gn-event/programme
Nowadays, the familiar encyclopaedia or the city library are not the main source of information when generating learning contents. The information available on the Internet is not a scarce source and the number of resources available for reuse in subsequent content is incalculable. However, most authors of contents do not sufficiently know the different types of licenses at the time to create, re- mix and share content. Often happens that images, text or other resources available on the Internet are not repurposed by not knowing how they should be cited in the new content, and fear that a policy punishment might emerge from reusing.
This blog entry aims to describe in a simple way the types of open licensing to encourage creativity, sharing and innovation OER (Open Educational Resources). While this post is focused on educational content, licenses apply to the creation of any type of content, educational or not. OERs have been defined by the UNESCO as eaching or learning resources in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions". Inspired on this definition, it is necessary to identify these resources in a framework of open and internationally known licenses.
Creative Commons develops, supports and legal and technically manage a number of licenses that maximizes digital creativity, sharing and innovation. The site provides educational information http://creativecommons.org/ as to the different types of existing Licensing. These licenses are internationally accepted and gradually more popular on the Internet. The following url [ http://creativecommons.org/choose/ ] proposes a wizard where you can manually scan existing licenses , the icon and the regulatory text that applies in each case. Of particular practical use your image search, audio resources, etcetera available http://search.creativecommons.org/ .
All Creative Commons licenses are combinations of the 4 elements:
- Attribution / (BY): The licensee has the right to copy, distribute, perform the work and make derivative works provided s/he recognize and cites the work in the manner specified by the author or the original licensor .
- Non-commercial / (NC): The licensee has the right to copy, distribute and display the work and make derivative works for purposes provided they are not commercial .
- No-derivatives / (ND): The licensee only has the right to copy, distribute and present verbatim copies of the work and has the right to produce and modify the original to derivative works.
- Share-alike / (SA): The licensee has the right to distribute derivative works under a license identical to the license that governs the original work.
These four elements can be combined so that the licenses are illustrated in Figure 2:
Figure 2 . Existing licenses Creative Commons
The inverted pyramid illustrated in Figure 3 represents the hierarchy in levels of restriction when defining a content license . The top " MOST OPEN" is the least restrictive license. The basis of the same " LEAST OPEN" represents the most restrictive
Figure 3. Levels of freedom Creative Commons licenses
The figures illustrated in this post were are part of the material presented and shared in the workshop:
Creative Commons licensing & open the workshop by Timothy Vollmer 11st December 2013 in Cape Town ( South Africa ) . First seminar of the GO- GN (Global Graduate OER Network) of UNESCO. http://portal.ou.nl/en/web/go-gn-event/programme